BEGIN:VCALENDAR VERSION:2.0 PRODID:-//wordpress//historikertag-2018//DE X-ORIGINAL-URL: CALSCALE:GREGORIAN BEGIN:VEVENT UID:historikertag-2018-646 DTSTAMP:20180329T170336Z DTSTART:20180926T130000Z DTEND:20180926T160000Z SUMMARY:[Historikertag 2018] Taxing difference: Empires as spaces of ordered inequality DESCRIPTION:Wherever you may live, you have probably heard of politicians promising tax reductions to certain groups. Despite the formal equality before the law which has been decreed in many nation-states worldwide, differences such as by religion or marital status remain and taxes are one issue to detect them. This holds even more true for empires of the (early) modern era, where subjects were not supposed to be ruled or treated equally. However, taxes have traditionally been analyzed by economic historians only, neglecting their social component. The proposed session shall discuss how imperial societies produced, organized and negotiated social differences between the subjugated populations by means of their tax systems Therefore, the guiding question of the proposed section is: How did early modern imperial tax systems organize social difference and how were these differences negotiated in the imperial societies? The presentations in this session shall target two interrelated questions:  (1) How did the systematic classification of people issued through the tax system influenced social categorizations such as ethnicity, class or gender? (2) How could the imperial subjects negotiate their categorization? What paths did they follow in this process of negotiation? The payment of tax and labor services formed the core of the relations between empires and their subjects as they significantly influenced the income and labor force of all subjects. Thus, the research of these processes of production, organization and negotiation can lead to profound conclusions about social categorizations and the conception of, as well as the relationship between the state and society. To approach legislation, especially about fiscal topics, as well as the agency of the imperial subjects allows for an analysis of the interrelation between the meso level of imperial tax systems and the micro level of individual subjects. It is proposed that the fiscal categorizations show significant overlapping with social categorizations, such as ethnicity, class/status, gender and profession; whose historical formation continue to have effects until today. Besides contributing to the theoretical discussion about social difference, conviviality and social categorizations, the proposed session also has a methodological aim. It shall ask how social difference can be analyzed from a fiscal point of view in (early) modern societies in and especially outside Europe and how imperial societies in diverging contexts can be compared and analyzed through different types of sources. Der Beitrag Taxing difference: Empires as spaces of ordered inequality erschien zuerst auf Historikertag 2018. LOCATION:H4 (Hörsaalgebäude Schlossplatz 46 48143 Münster) END:VEVENT END:VCALENDAR